Before World War 1, Japan operated under a monarchy-like system with an Emporer controlling the entirety of the government. During this time, the people of Japan had very little property rights or influence in the legal system. This, however, all changed after World War II. After World War II, Japan decided to draft an entirely different constitution that set up their government as a constitutional monarchy similar to the UK’s. There are three branches of the Japanese government including the National Diet, the Cabinet, and the judiciary sections. The Emporer and his family still have the position and the title, but they have little to no power other than being a figurehead of the country. The country’s central leader and the political figurehead of the government is the prime minister. The prime minister is not directly elected by the people but appointed by the Diet, therefore, whichever party holds control in the Diet will likely elect their party leader to be the prime minister. The Diet consists of two chambers, The House of Councilors and The House of Representatives. The upper house, The House of Councillors, is elected directly by the people every 6 years and an extra 96 are selected by the majority party of the Diet. The lower house, The House of Representatives, consists of 480 members who serve 4-year terms. 300 of the members are voted into office directly from the public, and 180 of the members are preferred party members appointed via the proportional representation system. The Mouse of Representatives pushes bills which can be vetoed by The House of Councillors, but Representatives can be absolved by the Prime Minister. The judicial branch of Japan’s government consists of the Supreme Court, with one chief judge and 14 Supreme Court judges, and four lower classes of courts. The Supreme Court decides upon the constitutionality of laws in the country. Japan’s government is ultimately controlled by the Diet and its party affiliations. The Liberal Democratic Party had had the majority of the Diet except in 2010 when the Democratic Party of Japan appointed won a majority and promoted their own Prime Minister.
“JAPAN’S POLITICAL SYSTEM.” JAPAN’S POLITICAL SYSTEM, http://www.csudh.edu/global_options/375Students-Sp96/Japan2/PolitSys.html. Accessed 1 Mar. 2017.
“The Japanese Political System.” Japan Industry News, 12 Feb. 2017, http://www.japanindustrynews.com/2016/06/japanese-political-system/#lightbox/2/. Accessed 1 Mar. 2017.