Madison Sinclair │ 02.10.17

legal-system     In the past six months, multiple Human rights activists’ in China have been detained. These activists’ were not allowed to hire their own lawyers because having a lawyer that supported their views would allow the activists’ to continue to defy the Chinese Government. China is very socialist and has an inquisitorial legal system. The Chinese people’s court is divided into three levels, the Grassroots courts, Intermediate courts, and Higher courts. Each of the courts is composed of presidents of the divisions, division chiefs, and experienced judges. The case dealing with the human rights activists’ was handled in the people’s Intermediate Court. The Intermediate courts’ responsibility includes dealing with cases reassigned to them from the grassroots courts, along with cases protesting the decisions of the grassroots courts. If someone wants to appeal the verdict of the intermediate court, it would then be transferred to the higher court. There are also multiple ways the people’s court can take form. There is the sole judge court, the collegiate panels, and a judicial committee. Sole judge court trials are overseen by a single judge. The collegiate panels consist of three or more judges. Lastly, a judicial committee is a group of members that are nominated by the presidents of each level of people’s court. China has one of the most efficient legal systems because unlike countries with an adversary that have a panel of legally uneducated jurors, China’s judges and collegiate panels have to meet certain qualifications. Chinese judges have to be a citizen of the People’s Republic of China, at least 23 years of age, support the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, and had to have a graduate of law from an institution of higher learning. Trials in China are determined by educated individuals and are an efficient way of determining the outcomes of civil and criminal cases.


“China’s Judicial System.” China’s Judicial System. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

Leavenworth, Stuart. “China Puts Human Rights Activists on Trial.” The Guardian. Guardian    News and Media, 02 Aug. 2016. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.

“Legal Research Guide: China.” Legal Research Guide: China│ Law Library of Congress. Web.     10 Feb. 2017.

“The Trial System.” The Trial System. Web. 10 Feb. 2017.